Leisure, Sport and Tourism


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syllabus.pngSYLLABUS REQUIREMENTS

1. Leisure
definitions
Discuss the difficulties in attempting to define leisure, recreation, tourism and sport.
Discuss the influence of accessibility, changes in technology and affluence upon the growth of these activities.
2 hours
2. Leisure at the international scale: tourism
changes in demand
Explain the long and short-term trends and patterns in international tourism.
changes in supply
Examine the changes in location and development of different tourist activities. Explain the growth of more remote tourist destinations.
4 hours
3. Leisure at the international scale: sport
international participation and success
Analyse the social, cultural, economic and political factors affecting participation and success in two major international sports.
case study of a contemporary international sports event
Analyse the geographic factors that influenced the choice of venue(s).
Examine the factors affecting the sphere of influence for participants and supporters.
Evaluate the short and long-term geographic costs and benefits of hosting such an event at both the local and national level.
4 hours
4. Leisure at the national/regional scale: tourism
case study of a national tourist industry
Examine the economic, social and environmental impacts of tourism.
case study of eco-tourism
Evaluate the strategies designed to manage and sustain the tourist industry.
tourism as a development strategy
Assess the importance of tourism as a development strategy for low-income countries.
6 hours
5. Leisure at the national/regional scale: sport
case study of a national sports league
Explain the hierarchy of a league and the location of its teams. Examine the relationship between team location and the residence of its supporters.

3 hours
6. Leisure at the local scale: tourism
tourism management in urban areas
For one named city or large town:
describe the distribution and location of primary and secondary tourist resources
discuss the strategies designed to manage tourist demands, maximize capacity and minimize conflicts between local residents and visitors and avoid environmental damage.
tourism management in rural areas
Examine the concept of carrying capacities in a rural tourist area.
Discuss strategies designed to maximize capacity and minimize conflicts between local residents and visitors and avoid environmental damage

4 hours
7. Leisure at the local scale: sport and recreation
the leisure hierarchy
Explain the relationship between urban settlements and recreational and sports facilities in terms of frequency, size, range and catchment area.
intra-urban spatial patterns
Examine the distribution and location of recreational and sports facilities in urban areas and relate the patterns to accessibility, land value and the physical and socio-economic characteristics of each urban zone (from the CBD to the rural–urban fringe).
urban regeneration
Discuss the role of sport and recreation in regeneration strategies of urban areas.

4 hours
8. Sustainable tourism
sustainable tourism
Define sustainable tourism.
Examine the extent to which it may be successfully implemented in different environments.

3 hours

resources.pngONLINE RESOURCES




skills.pngGEOGRAPHICAL SKILLS


Skills covered when teaching this optional theme could include:
Grid references and area references, scale, thematic maps and aerial photographs.

skills.pngGLOSSARY


Carrying capacity
The maximum number of visitors/participants that a site/event can satisfy at one time. It is customary to distinguish between environmental carrying capacity (the maximum number before the local environment becomes damaged) and perceptual carrying capacity (the maximum number before a specific group of visitors considers the level of impact, such as noise, to be excessive). For example, young mountain bikers may be more crowd tolerant than elderly walkers.
Leisure
Any freely chosen activity or experience that takes place in non work time.
Primary tourist/recreational resources
The pre existing attractions for tourism or recreation (that is, those not built specifically for the purpose), including climate, scenery, wildlife, indigenous people, cultural and heritage sites. These are distinguished from secondary tourist/recreational resources, which include accommodation, catering, entertainment and shopping.
Recreation
A leisure time activity undertaken voluntarily and for enjoyment. It includes individual pursuits, organized outings and events, and non paid (non professional) sports.
Resort
A settlement where the primary function is tourism. This includes a hotel complex.
Sport
A physical activity involving a set of rules or customs. The activity may be competitive.
Tourism
Travel away from home for at least one night for the purpose of leisure. Note that this definition excludes day trippers. There are many possible subdivisions of tourism. Subgroups include:
⋅ ecotourism—tourism focusing on the natural environment and local communities
⋅ heritage tourism—tourism based on a historic legacy (landscape feature, historic building or event) as its major attraction
⋅ sustainable tourism—tourism that conserves primary tourist resources and supports the livelihoods and culture of local people.


resources.pngTEXTBOOK RESOURCES


Suggestions from Phil Randay:
Sports in Society: Issues and Contraversies by Jay Coakley
Sport Culture: An A to Z guide by Ellis Cashmore
The International Politics of Sport in the 20th Century by Jim Riordan & Arnd Kruger

The Final Call by Leo Hickman, with the description 'In search of the true cost of our holidays' is a good additional text - maybe to set as a text for students to read during a holiday or as course preparation.

1. Leisure
definitions
Waugh, An Integrated Approach, Third Edition: p. 586-587.
Prosser, Leisure, Recreation and Tourism, Second Edition: p. 4.
2. Leisure at the international scale: tourism
changes in demand
changes in supply
Waugh, An Integrated Approach, Third Edition: p.588.
Codrington, Planet Geographhy, Fourth Editiion: p.615-618.
Prosser, Leisure, Recreation and Tourism, Second Edition: p.116-136.
3. Leisure at the international scale: sport
international participation and success
case study of a contemporary international sports event

4. Leisure at the national/regional scale: tourism
case study of a national tourist industry
case study of eco-tourism
tourism as a development strategy
Waugh, An Integrated Approach, Third Edition: p.590, p.598.
Codrington, Planet Geographhy, Fourth Editiion: p.626-628. p.620-626.
5. Leisure at the national/regional scale: sport
case study of a national sports league

6. Leisure at the local scale: tourism
tourism management in urban areas
tourism management in rural areas
Prosser, Leisure, Recreation and Tourism, Second Edition: p.18-45.
7. Leisure at the local scale: sport and recreation
the leisure hierarchy
intra-urban spatial patterns
urban regeneration

8. Sustainable tourism
sustainable tourism
Prosser, Leisure, Recreation and Tourism, Second Edition: p. 137-157.