Populations in Transition



Population change
Explain population trends and patterns in births (Crude Birth Rate), natural increase, and mortality (Crude Death Rate, infant and child mortality rates), fertility and life expectancy in contrasting regions of the world. Analyse population pyramids. Explain population momentum and its impact on population projections.
5 hours
Responses to high and low fertility
Explain dependency and ageing ratios. Analyse the impacts of youthful and ageing populations. Evaluate examples of a pro-natalist policy and an anti-natalist policy.

4 hours
Movement responses— migration
Discuss the causes of migrations, both forced and voluntary. Evaluate internal (national) and international migrations in terms of their geographic (socio-economic, political and environmental) impacts at their origins and destinations.
6 hours
gender and change
Examine gender inequalities in culture, status, education, birth ratios, health, employment, empowerment, life expectancy, family size, migration, legal rights, and land tenure.
4 hours

Population momentum. The tendency for population growth to continue beyond the time that replacement-level fertility has been achieved because of a relatively high concentration of people in the childbearing years. For example, the absolute numbers of people in developing countries will continue to increase over the next several decades even as the rates of population growth will decline. This phenomenon is due to past high fertility rates which results in a large number of young people. As these youth grow older and move through reproductive ages, the greater number of births will exceed the number of deaths in the older populations.


Best content in IB Geography Patterns and Change | Diigo - Groups


Lorenz Curves, dot maps, population pyramids, flow diagrams (migraiton patterns), Spearman Rank - CBR/CDR/TFR/GNP per capita (population change in contrasting regions of the world)


population change
Chapter 3 Population dynamics and structure in Population, Resources and Development by Jane Chrispin and Francis Jegede.

Planet Geography Second Edition Population Change p.1-9 World Population Growth, Population Structure and Demographic Transition Model.

Waugh, An Integrated Approach, Third Edition: p.349 - 352 + p.355 - 360. Population Pyramids p. 353 - 354.
responses to high and low fertility
5.6 Population policies in Resources and Development by Jane Chrispin and Francis Jegede.

Planet Geography Second Edition Population Policies - China's Population Policy - U.S. Population Policy, Nigeria's Population Policy, Singapore's Population Policy, India's Population Policy, The Kerala Approach to Population Policy p. 14 - 26

Waugh, An Integrated Approach, Third Edition: Dependency Ratio: p.354, Youthful Popn: China p.380-383, Ageing Popn: Japan p.360, Pro-natalist: Singapore p.358, Anti-natalist: China p.380-383

Essential AS Geography by Simon Ross, John Morgan and Richard Heelas Section 4 Population Pages 102-104 What is fertility?

Global Challenges series editor Bob Digby Chapter 13 Issues facing youthful populations - variations in total fertility rate:searching for explanations, why do total fertility rates vary? how do cultural and social factors influence fertility? Fertility and the role of women: a case study of India. pages 155-166
movement responses— migration
Migration by Paul Guiness - Access to Geography series. Hodder Murray - Ch. 1 Introduction, Ch. 2 Migration:definitions, Ch.4 Internal migration in LEDCs, Ch.5 Internal Migration in MEDCs, Ch.6 International migration, Ch. 7 Refugees - excellent book.

Population, resources and development by Jane Chrispin and Francis Jegede Collins Landmark Geography. Chapter 4 Migration between North Africa and Europe, Causes of migration - push-pull model, rural to urban migration, international migration - Mexico and the US, Pacific Rim countries, migration problem in HK, refugees and international response, refugees in Germany,

Development and Underdevelopment by Garrett Nagle Nelson pages 33-35 Migration, rural to urban migration and migration in Mexico case study.

Geography An Integrated Approach by David Waugh Nelson Thornes Third Edition pages 361-370 Internal migration in developed countries rural to urban migration, regional movement in Britain, the USA rural-urban migration, movement within urban areas, Internal migration in economically less developed countries, rural-urban migration, Tunisia migration patterns, external migration refugees, the world refugees, Germany-Turkish migrant workers

Global Challenges series editor Bob Digby Heinemann Chapter 14 migration and its consequences - forced migration, voluntary migration, south shropshire England a case study of migration into a rural area, models - Ravenstein, step migration, Lee's migration model, Todaro model - why do migrants move?, the impact of migrationm, economic costs and benefits, health and social risks, case study of female migration from Bangladesh to Malaysia, how do governements respond to migration?, case study of transmigration in IndonesiaChapter 4 Population movements and urbanisation in

Planet Geography Second Edition Migration p. 9 - 13
gender and change
Planet Geography Second Edition Equity Issues p. 100-105.


International data base international data base

Population Reference Bureau http://www.prb.org/

'Does gender matter' Geography Review Vol 21 No 3 Feb 2008 [Submitted by Ann]

The Girl Effect http://www.girleffect.org/#/video/ "great video as a starter for the 'gender and change' unit" [Submitted by Simon Scoones]