Diploma Programme Command Terms



syllabus.pngSYLLABUS REQUIREMENTS


Students should be familiar with the following key terms and phrases used in examination questions. Although these terms will normally be used, other terms may be used to ask students to present an answer in a specific way. Examination success to a large extent will be determined by students' understanding of these terms.

The assessment objectives (AOs) listed in the table are those referred to in the geography syllabus.
Command
Term
AO
Definition
Asks students to:
Analyse
AO3
break down in order to bring out the essential elements or structure
Annotate
AO4
add brief notes to a diagram or graph
Classify
AO2
arrange or order by class or categories
Compare
AO3
give an account of the similarities between two (or more) items or situations (referring to both (all) of them throughout)
Compare and contrast
AO3
give an account of similarities and differences between two (or more) items or situations (referring to both (all) of them throughout)
Construct
AO2, AO4
display information in a diagrammatic or logical form
Contrast
AO3
give an account of the differences between two (or more) items or situations (referring to both (all) of them throughout)
Define
AO1
give the precise meaning of, for example, a word, phrase, concept or physical quantity
Describe
AO1
give a detailed account
Determine
AO1, AO4
obtain the only possible answer
Discuss
AO2, AO3
offer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by appropriate evidence.
Distinguish
AO2
make clear the differences between two or more concepts/items.
Draw
AO4
represent by means of a labelled, accurate diagram or graph, using a pencil. A ruler (straight edge) should be used for straight lines. Diagrams should be drawn to scale. Graphs should have points correctly plotted (if appropriate) and joined in a straight line or smooth curve.
Estimate
AO1
obtain an approximate value
Evaluate
AO3
make an appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations
Examine
AO3
consider an argument or concept in a way that uncovers the assumptions and interrelationships of the issue.
Explain
AO2
give a detailed account including reasons or causes
Identify
AO1
find an answer from a number of possibilities
Justify
AO3
give valid reasons or evidence for an answer or conclusion.
Label
AO4
add labels to a diagram
Outline
AO1
give a brief account or summary
State
AO1
give a specific name, value or other brief answer without explanation or calculation
Suggest
AO2
propose a solution, hypothesis or other possible answer
To what extent
AO3
consider the merits or otherwise of an argument or concept. Opinions and conclusions should be presented clearly and supported with empirical evidence and sound argument.