Internal Assessment

This component is internally assessed by the teacher and externally moderated by the IB at the end of the course.

  • Syllabus content: any topic from the syllabus
  • Written report based on fieldwork.
  • Maximum 2,500 words.
  • Out of 30 marks


20 hours of teaching time for both HL and SL students.
HL = 20% weighting
SL = 25% weighting

Many of the geographical skills will be covered in the Internal Assessment. The complete skills list is below.

1
Locate and differentiate elements of the Earth’s surface, using direction, latitude and longitude, grid and area references, scale, political units

2

Interpret, analyse, and when appropriate, construct tables, graphs, diagrams, cartographic material and images
Ÿ All kinds of maps, including:
isoline and isopleth maps
choropleth maps
topological maps
dot maps
flow maps
thematic maps (inc mental maps)
topographic maps
Ÿ proportional symbols
Ÿ aerial photographs
Ÿ ground-level photographs
Ÿ satellite images
Ÿ graphs, including scatter, line, bar, compound, triangular, logarithmic, bi-polar graphs
Ÿ pie charts
Ÿ flow diagrams/charts
Ÿ population pyramids
Ÿ Lorenz curves
Ÿ cross-profiles (sections)
Ÿ rose diagrams
Ÿ development diamonds
3
Undertake statistical calculations to show patterns and summarize information
Ÿ totals
Ÿ averages (means, medians, modes)
Ÿ frequencies
Ÿ ranges of data (differences between maximum and minimum)
Ÿ densities
Ÿ percentages
Ÿ ratios

4
Research, process and interpret data and information
Types of data and information
Ÿ measures of correlation (including Spearman rank and Chi-square)
Ÿ measures of concentration and dispersion (including nearest neighbour and location quotients)
Ÿ measures of spatial interactions
Ÿ measures of diversity
Ÿ indices and ratios (including Gini coefficient, ecological footprint, HDI, dependency ratio)
Ÿ textual information
Ÿ observations
Ÿ opinions, values and perceptions
Processing and interpreting
Ÿ classify data and information
Ÿ analyse data and information
Ÿ describe patterns, trends and relationships
Ÿ make generalizations and identify anomalies
Ÿ make inferences and predictions
Ÿ make and justify decisions
Ÿ draw conclusions
Ÿ evaluate methodology
5
Collect and select relevant geographic information
Ÿ make observations
Ÿ conduct interviews
· make images
· take measurements
6
Evaluate sources of geographic information in terms of reliability, bias, relevance and accuracy
7
Produce written material (including essays, reports and investigations)

Ÿ synthesize information
Ÿ present material in a clear and well-structured way
Ÿ respond appropriately to command terms

We strongly recommend teachers to register for one of IB's Online workshops for IA. It lasts about 6 weeks and requires approximately 4 hours work each week. More information can be found on the IB's OCC website.

Below is a list of textbooks that are recommended for field work.
Author
Title
Publisher
ISBN
Hay, Iain
Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography
Oxford University Press (2005)
978-0-19-555079-5
Holmes D, Farbrother D
A–Z Advancing Geography: Fieldwork
The Geographical Association (2000)
978-1-899085-79-8
Job D
New Directions in Geographical Fieldwork
Cambridge University Press (1999)
978-0-521-46845-9
Lenon B, Cleves P
Fieldwork Techniques and Projects in Geography
Collins (2001)
978-0-00-711442-9
May S, Richardson P
Managing Safe and Successful Fieldwork
The Geographical Association (2008)
978-1-84377-120-3
Miller G
Fieldwork Ideas in Action
Hodder Arnold H&S (2000)
978-0-340-75355-2
Nagle G, Spencer K
Geographical Enquiries: Skills and Techniques for Geography
Nelson Thornes (2000)
978-0-7487-5318-5
Richardson P
Fieldwork File: for the secondary years
The Geographical Association (2008)
978-1-84377-131-9
St John P, Richardson D
Methods of Presenting Fieldwork Data
The Geographical Association (1997)
978-1-899085-49-1
St John P, Richardson D
Methods of Statistical Analysis of Fieldwork Data
The Geographical Association (1996)
978-1-899085-16-3
Skinner, Redfern, Farmer G
Complete A-Z Geography Handbook
Hodder & Stoughton (2003)
978-0-340-87274-1
Warn S, Holmes D
Fieldwork Investigations: A Self Study Guide
This book has a section on qualitative field work
Hodder Arnold H&S (2003)
978-0-340-67969-2